John 12:40

John 12:40 [Textus Receptus (Elzevir) (1624)]359-360
Τετύφλωκεν αὐτῶν τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς, καὶ πεπώρωκεν αὐτῶν τὴν καρδίαν· ἵνα μὴ ἴδωσι τοῖς ὀφθαλμοῖς, καὶ νοήσωσι τῇ καρδίᾳ, καὶ ἐπιστραφῶσι, καὶ ἰάσωμαι αὐτούς.

John 12:40 [Codex Sinaiticus (א or 01) (4th century)]q81f1vc1
Τετυφλωκεν αυτω- τους οφθαλμους· και επηρωσεν αυτων την καρδιαν· ϊνα μη ειδωσιν τοις οφθαλμοις· και τη καρδια συνωσιν· και στραφωσι- και ϊασομαι αυτους·

John 12:40 [Codex Alexandrinus (A02) (5th century)]50rc1
τετυφλωκε- αυτων τους οφθαλμους· και επωρωσεν αυτων την καρδιαν· ϊνα μη ϊδωσιν τοις οφθαλμοις· και νοησωσιν τη καρδια και επιστραφωσιν και ϊασομαι αυτους.

John 12:40 [Codex Vaticanus Gr. 1209 (B03) (4th century)]1369c3-1370c1
τετυφλωκεν αυτων τους οφθαλμους και <π>επωρωσ<κ>εν αυτων την καρδιαν ϊνα μη ϊδωσιν τοις οφθαλμοις και νοησωσι τη καρδια και στραφωσι και ϊασομαι αυτους

John 12:40 [Codex Bezae Cantabrigiensis (D05) (5th century)]153v/276
Τετυφλωκεν αυτων την καρδιαν ϊνα μη <ε>ϊδωσιν τοις οφθαλμοις και μη νοησουσιν τη καρδια και <επι>στραφωσιν και ϊασομαι αυτους:

John 12:40 [Codex Washingtonianus (W032) (5th century)]165-166
Τετυφλωκεν αυτων τους οφθαλμ<ο>υς και επηρωσεν αυτων την καρδιαν ϊνα μη ειδωσιν τοις οφθαλμοις και νοησωσιν τη καρδια και επιστρεψωσιν και ϊασομαι αυτους

John 12:40 [Codex Sangallensis 48 (Δ037) (9th century)]367
Τετυφλωκεν αυτων τους οφθαλμους· και πεπορωκεν αυτων την καρδιαν· ῖνα μη ῖδωσιν τοις οφθαλμοις· και νοησωσιν τη καρδια· και επιστραφωσιν· και ϊασομαι αυτους.

Critical Apparatus :

(1) πεπωρωκεν αυτων : B¹, E¹, G, M, Y, ℓ181, ℓ1086
(2) πεπορωκεν αυτων : E*, Δ, ℓ339
(3) πεπωρωκεν αυτων αυτων  : ℓ339 (iii)
(4) επωρωσεν αυτων : A, B*, K, L, X,
(5) επηρωσεν αυτων : א, W
(6) OMIT τους οφθαλμους και πεπωρωκεν αυτων : D

(7) ιδωσι : L, Y, ℓ339, ℓ339 (iii)
(8) ιδωσιν : A, B, D*, E, G, K, M, X, Δ, ℓ181, ℓ1086
(9) ειδωσιν : א, D¹, W

(10) νοησωσι τη καρδια  : B, ℓ339, ℓ339 (iii)
(11) νοησωσιν τη καρδια  : A, E, G, L, M, X, Δ, W, ℓ181, ℓ1086
(12) συνωσι τη καρδια : Y
(13) τη καρδια συνωσιν : א, K
(14) μη νοησουσιν τη καρδια : D

(15) επιστραφωσι : Y, ℓ339, ℓ339 (iii)
(16) επιστραφωσιν : A, D¹, E, G, Δ, ℓ181, ℓ1086
(17) επιστρεψωσι : K
(18) επιστρεψωσιν : L, M, W, X,
(19) στραφωσι : B
(20) στραφωσιν : א, D*

(21) ιασωμαι : L, ℓ181, ℓ1086
(22) ιασομαι : א, A, B, D, E, G, K  M, W, X, Y, Δ, ℓ339, ℓ339 (iii)



A Textual Commentary On John 12:40

(a) In xii. 40 again, the evangelist quotes Isaiah vi. 10, ‘Because that Esaias said again, He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart ; that they should not see with their eyes,’ etc. Now this quotation is far from being verbally exact for in the Hebrew the sentence is imperative, ‘ Make fat the heart of this people, and make heavy their ears, and close their eyes, that they should not see with their eyes,’ etc. Yet, on the other hand, it does not contain any of the characteristic renderings of the LXX ; and this is one distinct proof that, however loosely quoted, it was derived, not from the LXX, but from the original. For the LXX translators, taking ofifence, as it would seem, at ascribing the hardening of the heart to God’s own agency, have thrown the sentence into a passive form ‘ The heart of this people was made fat, and with their ears they heard heavily, and their eyes they closed,’ etc., so as to remove the difficulty. If therefore the evangelist had derived the passage from the LXX, it is inconceivable that he would have reintroduced the active form, thus wantonly reviving a difficulty, unless he had the original before him.
(J. B. Lightfoot, Biblical Essays, pp. 20-21)

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