Matthew 1:21

Tέξεται δὲ υἱὸν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ Ἰησοῦν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν.

And she will bear a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus, for He shall save His people from their sins.

Matt 1:21 [Textus Receptus (Elzevir) (1624)]
Τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν, καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ΙʹΗΣΟΥ~Ν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν.

MSS: B, C, D, E, K, M (f22rc2), S (f19rc1-2), Δ, Σ, Ω, 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 11, 27, 33, 43, 44, 46, 57, 65, 72, 83, 109, 113, 116, 127, 182, 198, 200, 201, 272, 276, 439, 449, 476, 478, 490, 491, 500, 504, 543, 560, 652, 688, 700 (f14v-15r), 892, 1424, 2561, 2603

Matt 1:21 [Codex Sinaiticus (א or 01) (4th century)]
Tεξεται δε YN και καλεσεις το ονομα αυτου IN αυτος γαρ σωσι τον λαον αυτου απο των ἁμαρτιῶν ἁυτων

Matt 1:21 [Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209 (B03) (4th century)]
τεξεται δε υιον και καλεσεις το ονομα αυτου Iησουν αυτος γαρ σωσει τον λαον αυτου απο των αμαρτιων αυτων

Matt 1:21 [Codex Ephraemi Syri Rescriptus (C04) (5th century)]
Tεξεται δε YN και καλεσεις το ονομα αυτου IN αυτος γαρ σωσει τον λαον αυτου απο των αμαρτιων αυτων·

Matt 1:21 [Codex Bezae Cantabrigiensis (D05) (5th century)]
Tεξεται δε υιον και καλεσεις το ονομα αυτου ιην αυτος γαρ σωσει τον λαον αυτου απο των αμαρτιων αυτων

Matt 1:21 [Codex Basilensis (E07) (8th century)]4v-5r
τεξεται δε YN. και καλεσεις το ονομα αυτου IN , αυτος γαρ σωσει τον λαον αυτου απο των αμαρτιων αυτων·

Matt 1:21 [Codex Cyprius (Grec 63) (K017) (9th century)]15r-v
τέξεται δὲ ΥΝ· καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ IN· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶ-·

Matt 1:21 [Codex Regius (Grec 62) (L019) (8th century)]5v c1
(τε)ξετε δὲ YN, καὶ καλέσεις το ονομα αὐτοῦ IN· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

* (τε) = ink faded

Matt 1:21 [Codex Washingtonianus (W032) (5th century)]
Tεξεται δε υϊον και καλεσις το ονομα αυτου IN · αυτος γαρ σωσει τον λαον αυτου απο των αμαρτιων αυτων

Matt 1:21 [Codex Sangallensis 48 (Δ037) (9th century)]22-23
Τεξεται δε υιον και καλεσεις· το· ονομα αυτου IN· Αυτος γαρ σωσει· τον· λαον· αυτου απο· των· αμαρτιων· αυτων·

Matt 1:21 [Codex Purpureus Rossanensis (Σ042) (6th century)]24
τεξεται δε υιον και καλεσεις το ονομα αυτου Ιησουν· αυτος γαρ σωσει τον λαον αυτου απο των αμαρτιων αυτων·

Matt 1:21 [Uncial 071 (5th/6th century)]
[απο τ]ων [αμ]αρ[τιων αυτων

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 1 (12th century)] 161v
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ΙΝ· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 2 (11th century)]3r-v
τέξεται δὲ υν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ιν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτȣ ἀπο τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 8 (Gr. 49) (11th century)]19rc2
τέξεται δὲ ὑν. καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτ{ὸς} γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτȣ ἀπο τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 9 (Gr. 83) (1167)]10r
τέξεται δὲ ὓν· καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ιν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτ{οῦ} ἀπο τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 43 (8409) (11th century)]13r
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν. καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτȣ. ἀπο τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν.

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 44 (12th century)]15r
τεξεται δε υν ϗ καλεσεις το ονομα αυτου ιν· αυτος γαρ σωσει τον λαον αυτου απο των αμαρτιων αυτων·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 57 (MS. Gr. 9) (12th century)]3v
τέξε{ται} δὲ ὓν· καὶ καλέσ{εις} τὸ ὄνομα αὐτȣ, ἰν· αὐτ{ὸς} γ{ὰρ} σώσει τὸν λα{ὸν} αὐτȣ ἀπὸ τ{ῶν} ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

* {} = Greek ligature   | ȣ = οῦ   |   ȣ = οῦ

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 65 (11th century)]7v
τέξεται δὲ υν Ṡ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ιν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 72 (11th century)]5v
τέξεται δὲ υν· καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ιν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ. ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 83 (11th century)]35
τεξεται δε υιον· και καλεσεις το ονομα αυτου ιν· αυτος γαρ σωσει τον λαον αυτου απο των αμαρτιων αυτων·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 109 (1326)]27r
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτϊῶν αὐτῶν.

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 113 (11th century)]27v
τέξεται δὲ υἱόν· καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶ- αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 116 (12th century)]16v
τέξεται δὲ ὓν. καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λα αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 182 (12th century)]2v
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν· καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ, ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτϊῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 198 (13th century)]8b
τέξεται δὲ, υν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 200 (11th century)]26c1
τέξεται δὲ ὑν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶ αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 201 (11th century)]11rc2-vc1
Τεξεται δε υιον· και καλεσεις το ονομα αυτȣ ιν· αυτος γαρ σωσει τον λαον αυτȣ, απο των αμαρτϊων αυτων·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 272 (11th century)]6r
Τέξεται δὲ ὓν. ϗ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ιν· αὐτ{ὸς} γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 276 (Gr. 81) (1092)]15v
τέξεται δὲ ὓν, καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτϊῶν αὐτῶν.

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 438 (12th century)]14v-15r
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν, ϗ Καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ, ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν.

* Καὶ = ✓

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 439 (1159)]10rc2
τέξεται δὲ υν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶ- αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Miniscule 449 (13th century)]6r-v
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν, καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ, ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτϊῶν αὐτ{ῶν}·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 476 (11th century)]9r
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν· καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ιν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτȣ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 478 (10th century)]9v
τέξεται δὲ υν. καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ιν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 490 (11th century)]9rc2
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν· ϗ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 491 (11th century)]6r
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ιν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 500 (13th century)]10v
τέξετ{αι} δὲ υἱὸν, καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπο τῶν ἁμαρτϊῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 504 (1033)]12v
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν· καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ͵ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 543 (12th century)]1bc2
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν, καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 560 (11th century)]31r
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 652 (10th century)]58
τέξεται δὲ ὑν. καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰνʹ· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ. ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 688 (June 1179)]14rc1
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν· καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ἰν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 1424 (9th/10th century)]8v
τέξεται δὲ υν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ιν· αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν·

Matt 1:21 [Minuscule 2561 (11th century)]11b-12a
τέξεται δὲ υν. καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ιν· αὐτὸς Γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ. ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶ·

Matt 1:21 [Peshitta]
ܬ݁ܺܐܠܰܕ݂ ܕ݁ܶܝܢ ܒ݁ܪܳܐ ܘܬ݂ܶܩܪܶܐ ܫܡܶܗ ܝܶܫܽܘܥ ܗܽܘ ܓ݁ܶܝܪ ܢܰܚܶܝܘܗ݈ܝ ܠܥܰܡܶܗ ܡܶܢ ܚܛܳܗܰܝܗܽܘܢ܂

Matt 1:21 [Old Syriac Curetonian (Codex Curetonianus Syriacus syc)]
ܬܐܠܕ ܠܟ ܕܝܢ ܒܪܐ܂ ܘܢܬܩܪܐ ܫܡܗ ܝܫܘܥ܂ ܗܘ ܓܝܪ ܢܚܝܘܗܝ ܠܥܠܡܐ ܡܢ ܚ̈ܛܗܘܗܝ܂

Matt 1:21 [Old Syriac Sinaitic (Codex Sinaiticus Syriacus sys)]
ܬܐܠܕ ܠܟ ܕܝܢ ܒܪܐ ܘܬܩܪܐ ܫܡܗ ܝܫܘܥ ܗܘ ܓܝܪ ܢܚܝܘܗܝ ܠܥܡܗ ܡܢ ܚܛܗܘ̈ܗܝ܂

Matt 1:21 [Old Latin (Codex Vercellensis)]
….et au… ….um … nom… Iesum …sal… p…… a pe……

Matt 1:21 [Vulgate]
pariet autem filium et vocabis nomen eius Iesum ipse enim salvum faciet populum suum a peccatis eorum

Critical Apparatus :

(1) τεξεται : א, B, C, D, E, K, M, S, W, Δ, Σ, Ω, 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 11, 27, 33, 43, 44, 46, 57, 65, 72, 83, 109, 113, 116, 127, 182, 198, 200, 201, 272, 276, 438, 439, 449, 476, 478, 490, 491, 500, 504, 543, 560, 652, 688, 700, 892, 1424, 2561, 2603, Majority, Eusebius of Caesarea
(2) τεξετε : L

(3) καλεσεις : א, B, C, D, E, K, L1, M, S, Δ, Σ, Ω, 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 11, 27, 33, 43, 44, 46, 57, 65, 72, 83, 109, 113, 116, 127, 182, 198, 200, 201, 272, 276, 438, 439, 449, 476, 478, 490, 491, 500, 504, 543, 560, 652, 688, 700, 892, 1424, 2561, 2603, Majority, Eusebius of Caesarea
(4) καλεσις : W
(5) καλεσει : L*

(6) σωσει : B, C, D, E, K, L, M, S, W, Δ, Σ, Ω, 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 11, 27, 33, 43, 44, 46, 57, 65, 72, 83, 109, 113, 116, 127, 182, 198, 200, 201, 272, 276, 438, 439, 449, 476, 478, 490, 491, 500, 504, 543, 560, 652, 688, 700, 892, 1424, 2561, 2603, Majority, Eusebius of Caesarea
(7) σωσι : א

 

 

Tischendorf 1:21 Tischendorf Mt 1:21

Early Church Fathers

(1) Eusebius of Caesarea (Demonstratio Evangelica, p308, 15, Eusebius Werke, Ivar A. Heikel)
τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν, καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ Ἰησοῦν. αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν.

A Textual Commentary On Matthew 1:21

(a) Τέξεται δὲ υἱὸν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ Ἰησοῦν – The style is an echo of Gen 17:19 in LXX:

εἶπεν δὲ ὁ Θεὸς τῷ Aβρααμ ναί ἰδοὺ σαρρα ἡ γυνή σου τέξεταί σοι υἱόν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ Iσαακ καὶ στήσω τὴν διαθήκην μου πρὸς αὐτὸν εἰς διαθήκην αἰώνιον καὶ τῷ σπέρματι αὐτοῦ μετ’ αὐτόν

Four were named before they were born. They are: Isaac, Ishmael, Josiah and Solomon. Isaac: “And you shall call his name Isaac” (Gen. 17:19). Ishmael: “And you shall call his name Ishmael” (Gen. 16:11). Josiah: “Behold a son is to be born to the House of David. Josiah is his name” (1 Kings 13:2). Solomon: “Solomon shall be his name” (1 Chron. 22:9). This is the case regarding the righteous people. -PT. Berakot 1:6

(b) τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ Ἰησοῦν, αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ –  Word play in the original Hebrew text of Matthew can be seen here “And she will bear a Son, and you shall call His name Yeshua (ישׁוע), for He shall save (יושיע) His people from their sins.”

The five cases of the name Jesus in the Greek manuscripts:

Nominative: Ἰησοῦς (IC)
Genitive: Ἰησοῦ (IY)
Dative: Ἰησοῦ (IY)
Accusative: Ἰησοῦν (IN)
Vocative: Ἰησοῦ (IY)

The name יֵשוּעַ (Yeshua), which occurs in Neh 8:17, is the same as יְהוּשׁוּעַ or יֵהוֹשֻׁעַ (Yehoshua, commonly spelled Joshua); both of which are rendered Ἰησοῦς (Iesus) by the LXX. The angel interprets the name αὐτὸς σώσει (He shall save), where αὐτὸς (He) corresponds with the Divine Name. Jesus is English transliteration of Latin Iesvs, which in turn is a Latin transliteration of Greek Ἰησοῦς. The original 1611 King James Version has Iesus.

And she shall bring forth a sonne, and thou shalt call his Name Iesus: for hee shall saue his people from their sinnes.

There were no letters J, U, W in Latin. It was not till the sixteenth century, that in the northern countries of Europe, the letter J was evolved from the black letter form of  I and the letter V split into U and V.  The letter W (originally a ligature of two Vs) was needed by Germanic people and it was added to the Latin alphabet to represent sounds which did not exist in medieval Latin, and only recently did the convention of treating I and U as vowels, and J and V as consonants, become established.

Hallelujah is written with the letter J but pronounced as hal·le·lu·yah (praise be to Yah). Also cf. Παῦλος, the Roman name for Saul, which is a Latin proper name, Paulus. If Ἰησοῦς should be transliterated as Iesus, then we should expect Παῦλος to be transliterated as either Paulus or Paulo. But early English translators preferred Paul. Σαῦλος, the Greek translation of the Hebrew name of Paul is translated as Saul instead of Saulos. Μάρκος should be transliterated as Markos, but Mark is preferred. So likewise, Ἰησοῦς should be translated as Iesu (pronounced Yesu as the Latin I functioned as a consonant with the sound of Y) instead of Jesus. The consonantal I regularly appears in English derivatives as a J (a letter added to the alphabet in the Middle Ages); hence Iesus = Jesus, maior = major, Iulius = Julius.

So in English, the Savior’s name should be pronounced as Iesu as in Latin or Yeshu’ (ישוע) as in Aramaic, and NOT Gee Sus or Gee Zus. The Jews generally write the name ישֵו. The letter ע in ישוע is silent ʿ in the first century AD; and not pronounced as a as in Yeshua (which is a modern transliteration of the Hebrew name). In the Arabic Diatessaron (ms. A), ישוע is translated as ايسوع (Yesua). The mispronunciation in English is partly due to inconsistency in English transliteration of Hebrew names from the Greek form of the Hebrew names. In the manner now being indicated, it is proven that the origin of the name Jesus has nothing to do whatsoever with Zeus (Ζεύς) like what was cooked up by some conspiracy theorists.

Also see Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedrin 43a where Yeshu is said to have five disciples, Matthai, Nakai, Nezer, Buni and Todah.

(c) Ἰησοῦν, αὐτὸς γὰρ σώσει τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ – The name Jesus, in Greek Σωτὴρqui salutem reddit in Latin, because there is no single word to express it, is derived from the Hebrew, and neither from ἰάσω, sanabo, nor, according to Epiphanius, from אסא, sanavit, in Syriac. See Philo’s De Mutatione Nominum. i. 597 where Philo Judaeus explains Ἰησοῦς to mean σωτηρία κυρίου.

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