Matthew 5:47

καὶ ἐὰν ἀσπάσησθε τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς ὑμῶν μόνον τί περισσὸν ποιεῖτε; οὐχὶ καὶ οἱ τελῶναι οὕτως ποιοῦσιν;

And if you greet your brothers only, what are you doing more than others? Do not even the tax collectors do that?

Matt 5:47 [Textus Receptus (Elzevir) (1624)]
Kαὶ ἐὰν ἀσπάσησθε τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς ὑμῶν μόνον, τί περισσὸν ποιεῖτε; οὐχὶ καὶ οἱ τελῶναι οὕτω ποιοῦσιν;

MSS:

Matt 5:47 [Codex Sinaiticus (א or 01) (4th century)]
Kαι εαν ασπασησθε τους αδελφους υμων μονον τι περισσον ποιειται ουχι και οι εθνικοι το αυτο ποιουσιν

Matt 5:47 [Codex Vaticanus Gr. 1209 (B03) (4th century)]
Kαι εα- ασπασησθε τοὺς αδελφους υμων μονον τι περισσον ποιειτε ουχι και οι εθνικοι το αυτο ποιουσιν

Matt 5:47 [Codex Bezae Cantabrigiensis (D05) (5th century)]
και εαν ασπασησθαι τους αδελφους ϋμων μονον τι περισσον ποιειτε ουχι και οι εθνικοι το αυτο ποιουσιν

Matt 5:47 [Codex Basilensis (E07) (8th century)]16r
Και εαν ασπασησθε τους φιλους υμων μονον τι περισσον ποιειτε· ουχι και οι τελωναι ουτως ποιουσιν·

MSS: 8, 43, 65?, 438, 439, 490, 504

Matt 5:47 [Codex Cyprius (Grec 63) (K017) (9th century)]23r
καὶ ἐὰν ἀσπᾶσησθε τοὺ φίλους ὑμῶν μόνον· τί περισσὸν ποιεῖτε· οὐχὶ καὶ οἱ τελῶναι οὕτως ποιοῦσιν·

Matt 5:47 [Codex Washingtonianus (W032) (5th century)]
Και εαν ασπασησθαι τους φιλους ϋμω- μονον τι περισσον ποιειται ουχι ϗ οι τελωναι το αυτο ποιουσιν    

Matt 5:47 [Codex Sangallensis 48 (Δ037) (9th century)]32
και εαν ασπασησθε τους φιλους υμων μονον Τι περισσον ποιειτε Ουχι και οι τελωναι ουτως ποιουσιν

Matt 5:47 [Minuscule 1 (12th century)]165v
Καὶ ἐὰν ἀσπάσησθε τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς ὑμῶν μόνον· τί περισσὸν ποιεῖτε· οὐχὶ καὶ οἱ ἐθνικοὶ τὸ αὐτὸ ποιοῦσιν ;

Matt 5:47 [Minuscule 44 (12th century)]22r
καὶ ἐὰν ἀσπάσησθε τοὺς φίλους ὑμῶν μόνον. τί περισσὸν ποιεῖτε· οὐχὶ καὶ οἱ ἐθνικοὶ τὸ ἀυτῶ ποιοῦσι;

Matt 5:47 [Minuscule 72 (11th century)]14r
καὶ ἐὰν ἀσπάσησθε τοὺς φίλους ὑμῶν μόνον· τί περισσὸν ποιεῖτε· οὐχὶ καὶ οἱ τελῶναι οὕτως ποιοῦσιν;

Matt 5:47 [Minuscule 109 (1326)]33r-33v
καὶ ἐὰν ἀσπάσησθε τοὺς φΐλους ὑμ{ῶν} μόν{ον} τΐ περϊσσὸν ποιεῖταιε· ȣχοὶ ϗ οἱ τελῶναι οὕτως ποιοῦσϊν·

* {ῶν},{ον} = Greek ligatures  

Matt 5:47 [Minuscule 113 (11th century)]35r
καὶ ἐὰν ἀσπάσησθε τȣς φίλους ὑμῶν μόνον, τί περϊσσὸ- ποιεῖτε· οὐχὶ καὶ οἱ τελῶναι τὸ ἀυτὸ ποιοῦσιν;

Matt 5:47 [Minuscule 201 (1357)]19rc1
καὶ ἐὰν ἀσπάσησθε τοὺς φίλους ὑμῶν μόνον, τΐ περϊσσὸν ποιεῖτε· οὐχὶ καὶ οἱ τελῶναι οὕτω ποιοῦσϊν;

Matt 5:47 [Minuscule 438 (12th century)]28v
καὶ ἐὰν ἀσπάσησθε τοὺς φίλους ὑμῶν μόνον, τί περισσὸν ποιεῖτε. οὐχὶ καὶ οἱ τελῶναι οὕτως ποιοῦσιν;

Matt 5:47 [Minuscule 439 (1159)]17rc1-2
καὶ ἐὰν ἀσπάσησθε τοὺς φίλους ὑμῶν μόνον, τὶ περισσὸν ποιεῖτε· οὐχὶ καὶ οἱ τελῶναι οὕτως ποιοῦσιν;

Matt 5:47 [Minuscule 504 (1033)]21v
καὶ ἐὰν ἀσπάσησθε τοὺς φίλους ὑμῶν μόνον, τὶ περισσὸν ποιεῖτε· οὐχὶ καὶ οἱ τελῶναι οὕτως ποιοῦσιν;

Matt 5:47 [Peshitta]
ܘܶܐܢ ܫܳܐܠܺܝܢ ܐܢ݈ܬ݁ܽܘܢ ܒ݁ܰܫܠܳܡܳܐ ܕ݁ܰܐܚܰܝܟ݁ܽܘܢ ܒ݁ܰܠܚܽܘܕ݂ ܡܳܢܳܐ ܝܰܬ݁ܺܝܪ ܥܳܒ݂ܕ݁ܺܝܢ ܐܢ݈ܬ݁ܽܘܢ ܠܳܐ ܗܳܐ ܐܳܦ݂ ܡܳܟ݂ܣܶܐ ܗܺܝ ܗܳܕ݂ܶܐ ܥܳܒ݂ܕ݁ܺܝܢ܂

Matt 5:47 [Old Syriac Curetonian (Codex Curetonianus Syriacus syc)]
ܘܐܢ ܫܐܠܝܢ ܐܢܬܘܢ ܒܫܠܡܐ ܕܐ̈ܚܝܟܘܢ ܒܠܚܘܕ܂ ܡܢܐ ܗܝ ܛܝܒܘܬܟܘܢ܂ ܠܐ ܗܐ ܐܦ ܚ̈ܢܦܐ ܗܟܢܐ ܥܒܕܝܢ܀

Matt 5:47 [Old Syriac Sinaitic (Codex Sinaiticus Syriacus sys)]
OMITTED

Matt 5:47 [Vulgate]
et si salutaveritis fratres vestros tantum quid amplius facitis nonne et ethnici hoc faciunt

Critical Apparatus :

(1) ασπασησθε : א, B, E, K, Δ, 1, 8, 43, 44, 65, 72, 109, 113, 201, 438, 439, 490, 504, Majority
(2) ασπασησθαι : D, W 

(3) τους αδελφους : א, B, D, 1, Peshitta (ܕ݁ܰܐܚܰܝܟ݁ܽܘܢ), Syriac Curetonian (ܕܐ̈ܚܝܟܘܢ), Vulgate (fratres)
(4) τους φιλους : E, K, W, Δ, 8, 43, 44, 65, 72, 109, 113, 201, 438, 439, 490, 504, Majority
(5) του φιλους : K

(6) ποιειτε : B, D, E, K, Δ, 1, 8, 43, 44, 65, 72, 109c, 113, 201, 438, 439, 490, 504, Majority
(7) ποιειται : א, W, 109*

(8) ουχι : א, B, D, E, K, W, Δ, 1, 8, 43, 44, 65, 72, 113, 201, 438, 439, 490, 504, Majority
(9) ουχοι : 109

(10) τελωναι : E, K, W, Δ, 8, 43, 65, 72, 109, 113, 201, 438, 439, 490, 504, Majority, Peshitta
(11) εθνικοὶ: א, B, D, 1, 44, Vulgate (ethnici)

(12) ουτω :  201
(13) ουτως : E, K, Δ, 8, 43, 65?, 72, 109, 438, 439, 490, 504
(14) το αυτο : א, B, D, W, 1, 113, Peshitta, Vulgate (hoc)
(15) το αυτω : 44

(16) ποιουσιν : א, B, E, K, D, W, Δ, 1, 8, 43, 65, 72, 109, 113, 201, 438, 439, 490, 504, Majority
(17) ποιουσι : 44

Tischendorf Mt 5:47 Tischendorf Mt 5:47

Early Church Fathers

A Textual Commentary On Matthew 5:47

(a) ασπασησθε or ασπασησθαι? During the early centuries of the Christian era certain vowels and diphthongs of the Greek language lost their distinctive sounds and came to be pronounced alike e.g. the diphthong αι and the vowel ε. As a result the second person plural ending –σθε sounded the same as the ending of the middle and passive infinitive -σθαι, accounting for the variants ασπασησθε and ασπασησθαι, and many other passages. Ασπασησθαι found in D and W should be rejected as the reading of the majority manuscripts is supported by Codices Vaticanus and Sinaiticus.

(b) ἀδελφοὺς or φίλους? The latter is supported by the majority of the Greek manuscripts but the former, found in Codices Vaticanus, Sinaiticus, and Bezae, is attested by Peshitta, Syriac Curetonian and the Vulgate.

φιλους is the reading of the Complutensian edition, and most of the Greek MSS. as Erasmus testifies, and in all, as Stephens; yet in their edition, and in almost all afterwards, from the authority of the Vulgate, it is changed into αδελφους (William Bowyer, p. 3).

(b) τελῶναι or ἐθνικοὶ?

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